United States of America

Photo of three white wind turbines towering over a desolate coastline. A dirt road runs past the turbines and blue ocean and sky appear in the background.

This wind turbine system provides electrical energy to San Clemente Island, the southernmost of the eight Channel Islands, which is one of the U.S. Navy's most unique installations.

As a partner and steering committee member of the international partnership for Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN), the United States of America brings a variety of experience in the deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies to EDIN.

Renewable Energy Resources

Rich in solar, wind, biomass, geothermal, and hydropower resources, the United States has commercial developments of all these technologies. Although hydropower and biomass electricity make up the largest percentage of U.S. renewable electricity generation, wind and solar recently became the fastest-growing renewable generation technologies. The United States also has a growing ocean energy industry.

Policies and Goals

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) coordinates the United States' involvement in EDIN. EERE's mission is to strengthen America's energy security, environmental quality, and economic vitality in public-private partnerships that enhance energy efficiency and productivity and bring clean, reliable and affordable energy technologies to the marketplace.

EERE includes 10 program areas that

  • Advance electric power generation through the use of geothermal, wind, solar, and water resources
  • Improve fuels and vehicles through programs in biomass and biofuels, hydrogen, and vehicle technologies
  • Increase energy efficiency through building and industrial technologies and weatherization.

In addition to these programs, EERE works to commercialize energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies, and is engaged in a number of international initiatives.

Two major energy bills drive U.S. energy policy and stimulate the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency:

  • Energy Policy Act of 2005

    Establishes a loan guarantee program, provides a variety of renewable energy investment and production tax credits, and creates a federal purchase requirement for renewable energy.

  • Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007

    Includes a renewable fuels consumption mandate and increased fuel economy standards, improves energy efficiency standards in lighting and appliances, and establishes requirements for federal agency efficiency and energy use.

Beyond the U.S. federal government, 28 of the 50 states and the District of Columbia have mandatory renewable portfolio standards. Some states have established efficiency standards, which state that a certain percentage of their electricity generation must be met through efficiency as well as renewable energy by a target date.

Initiatives and Agreements

In addition, the United States is engaged in the following initiatives and agreements relevant to EDIN:

  • Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative

    The state of Hawaii and DOE are working together to move Hawaii toward meeting 70% of its energy needs through greater efficiency and the use of renewable resources by the year 2030. Lessons learned through this initiative will benefit EDIN.

  • Compact of Free Association

    Guarantees financial and technical assistance to three sovereign states (the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau) and provides access to many U.S. domestic programs, including disaster response and hazard mitigation. American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii, and the Northern Mariana Islands also receive Compact funding.